ITALY – Turin is a city in northern Italy that serves as a major commercial and cultural hub. It was the first Italian capital from 1861 to 1865, and it is the capital city of Piedmont and the Metropolitan City of Turin. The city is mostly located on the western bank of the Po River, below the Susa Valley, and is bounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The city proper has an estimated population of 847,033 people (as of 31 January 2021), whereas the urban area has a population of 1.7 million people, according to Eurostat. The OECD estimates that the Turin metropolitan region has a population of 2.2 million people.
The city was formerly an important political hub in Europe. From 1563 until 1865, it served as the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, then the Kingdom of Sardinia governed by the House of Savoy, and finally the Kingdom of Italy. Turin is frequently referred to as “the cradle of Italian liberty” since it was the birthplace and residence of key Risorgimento figures such as Cavour. Turin became a significant European junction for industry, commerce, and trade, and is part of the renowned “industrial triangle” alongside Milan and Genoa, despite losing much of its political relevance and influence during World War II.
Turin is Italy’s third most prosperous city, behind Milan and Rome. Turin is the world’s 78th richest city by buying power, with a GDP of $58 billion. GaWC has classified the city as a Gamma-level global city as of 2018. Turin is also home to the headquarters of Fiat, Lancia, and Alfa Romeo, as well as a large portion of the Italian automotive sector.
The city is recognized for its various art galleries, restaurants, cathedrals, palaces, opera houses, piazzas, parks, gardens, theatres, libraries, museums, and other venues, as well as its rich culture and history. Turin’s Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-classical, and Art Nouveau buildings are well-known. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, many of Turin’s public squares, castles, gardens, and magnificent palazzi, such as the Palazzo Madama, were erected. Under the designation Residences of the Royal House of Savoy, a section of Turin’s historical core was inscribed on the World Heritage List.
In addition, institutions like the Museo Egizio and the Mole Antonelliana, which houses the Museo Nazionale del Cinema, are located in the city. Turin is one of the top 250 tourist destinations in the world and the tenth most visited city in Italy in 2008. The Turin Polytechnic and the University of Turin, both founded in the 15th century, are among Italy’s top universities, colleges, academies, lycea, and gymnasia. Turin is well-known for housing the Shroud of Turin, the football clubs Juventus F.C. and Torino F.C., whose matches are known as the Derby della Mole, and for hosting the 2006 Winter Olympics.
an original text by oikotimes team